Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.)

Rosemary contains various bioactive compounds such as rosmarinic acid, essential oils, and flavonoids. Rosmarinic acid is a major component found in rosemary and is known for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. It has been studied for potential therapeutic applications, including neuroprotective effects and antimicrobial activity. Rosemary essential oil contains several volatile compounds, including camphor, 1,8-cineole (eucalyptol), and alpha-pinene. These compounds contribute to the characteristic fragrance of rosemary and possess potential therapeutic effects, such as respiratory support and antimicrobial activity. Flavonoids found in rosemary, such as apigenin and luteolin, also contribute to its potential health benefits. Flavonoids have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties and may have various effects on human health, including potential anti-cancer activity. Rosemary is commonly used as a culinary herb and is also utilized in traditional medicine and herbal preparations. It is often incorporated into essential oils, herbal teas, and dietary supplements. Rosemary products are believed to have potential benefits in supporting digestion, cognitive function, and overall well-being.


Peppermint (Mentha × Piperita)

Peppermint is primarily known for its menthol. Menthol is monocyclic terpene alcohol that gives peppermint its characteristic cooling sensation and minty aroma. Menthol is widely used in pharmaceutical and over-the-counter products due to its various potential therapeutic effects. It has local anesthetic properties, which can help relieve minor pain and irritation. Menthol also acts as a vasodilator, promoting blood flow when applied topically. In addition to menthol, peppermint oil contains other bioactive compounds such as menthone, menthyl acetate, and limonene. These compounds contribute to the overall fragrance and potential therapeutic benefits of peppermint.


Mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris L.)

Mugwort is primarily known for its thujone. Thujone is a ketone and a monoterpene that is found in various species of Artemisia plants. Thujone is known for its strong aroma and is believed to have potential medicinal properties. It has been traditionally used in herbal medicine for its antispasmodic, digestive, and diuretic effects. However, it is important to note that thujone can be toxic in high doses and prolonged use, and caution should be exercised when using Mugwort or any products containing thujone.

Milk Thistle

Milk Thistle (Silybum marianum L.)

Milk Thistle contains a group of flavonolignans known collectively as silymarin from the milk thistle seed. Silymarin is a complex mixture of several bioactive compounds, including silybin A and B, isosilybin A and B, silychristin, and silydianin. Silymarin is known for its hepatoprotective properties and has been extensively studied for its potential therapeutic effects on liver disorders. Silymarin is believed to exert its beneficial effects through antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antifibrotic mechanisms. It has been used in the treatment of liver diseases such as alcoholic liver disease, viral hepatitis, and liver cirrhosis. It is also utilized as a supportive therapy for individuals taking hepatotoxic medications or exposed to toxins. In addition to silymarin, Milk Thistle also contains other bioactive compounds, including flavonoids (quercetin, kaempferol) and fatty acids, which may contribute to its overall therapeutic benefits.


Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia L.)

Lavender is primarily known for its essential oil, which is obtained from the flowers of the plant. The essential oil of lavender contains various active compounds, including several different classes of chemicals such as esters, alcohols, ketones, and terpenes. The main active components responsible for the characteristic aroma and potential therapeutic effects of lavender oil are linalool and linalyl acetate. Linalool is a monoterpene alcohol that contributes to the floral scent of lavender. It possesses calming and relaxing properties and is believed to have potential anti-anxiety and sedative effects. Linalyl acetate is an ester found in lavender oil and is responsible for its sweet, fruity aroma. It is also thought to have calming effects on the nervous system.


Juniper (Juniperus communis L.)

The essential oil derived from juniper berries contains various bioactive compounds, including monoterpenes such as alpha-pinene, beta-pinene, limonene, and myrcene. These compounds are responsible for the distinct aroma and potential therapeutic effects of juniper.

The essential oil of juniper has been traditionally used for its diuretic, antiseptic, and antimicrobial properties. It has also been studied for its potential benefits in supporting digestion, reducing inflammation, and promoting urinary tract health.


Hibiscus (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.)

Hibiscus contains various bioactive compounds, including anthocyanins, polyphenols, and organic acids. Anthocyanins are water-soluble pigments responsible for the vibrant red color of hibiscus flowers. They are potent antioxidants and have been studied for their potential health benefits, including anti-inflammatory and cardioprotective effects. Polyphenols, such as flavonoids and phenolic acids, are abundant in hibiscus and contribute to its potential therapeutic properties. These compounds possess antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial activities. Organic acids, including citric acid, malic acid, and tartaric acid, are also found in hibiscus and contribute to its tart taste. These acids may have mild diuretic and digestive effects. Hibiscus is commonly consumed as an herbal tea, known as hibiscus tea or sorrel tea, and is recognized for its potential health benefits. It is often associated with effects such as blood pressure regulation, cholesterol management, and antioxidant support. Hibiscus tea is also valued for its refreshing taste and as a natural source of hydration.


Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba L.)

Flavonoids and terpene lactones are the main bioactive compounds present in Ginkgo extracts. Flavonoids (such as quercetin, kaempferol, and isorhamnetin) are known for their antioxidant properties and have been studied for potential benefits in supporting cardiovascular health and improving blood flow. They also possess anti-inflammatory effects.
Terpene lactones, specifically ginkgolides and bilobalide, are believed to have neuroprotective effects and are known for their ability to enhance cerebral blood flow and protect nerve cells from damage. They are often associated with the cognitive and memory-enhancing properties of Ginkgo.


Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus L.)

Eucalyptus is primarily known for its eucalyptol (monoterpenoid), also known as cineole.
Eucalyptol is the major component of the essential oil derived from Eucalyptus globulus leaves. It gives eucalyptus its characteristic scent and has several potential therapeutic effects. Eucalyptol is known for its expectorant and decongestant properties, making it commonly used in products for respiratory conditions such as cough, cold, and sinus congestion.
In addition to eucalyptol, the essential oil of Eucalyptus globulus contains other bioactive compounds, including alpha-pinene, limonene, and camphene, which contribute to its overall fragrance and potential benefits.


Ginger (Zingiber officinale L.)

Ginger is primarily known for its gingerols (particularly 6-gingerol). Gingerols are phenolic compounds that are responsible for the pungent and spicy taste of ginger. Gingerols have been studied for their potential therapeutic properties, including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiemetic (anti-nausea), and digestive-stimulant effects. They have also been investigated for their potential benefits in managing various conditions, such as nausea and vomiting associated with motion sickness, pregnancy, or chemotherapy-induced side effects.