The chamomile flower primarily consists of flavonoids and essential oils. Chamomile flavonoids, such as apigenin, luteolin, and quercetin, are bioactive compounds that contribute to the potential therapeutic effects of chamomile. These flavonoids possess antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and relaxant properties. Apigenin, in particular, is believed to be the main flavonoid responsible for the medicinal properties of chamomile. In addition to flavonoids, chamomile also contains essential oils that contribute to its fragrance and therapeutic benefits. The essential oil of chamomile contains various components, including bisabolol, chamazulene, and farnesene. Bisabolol is considered a major active component and is known for its anti-inflammatory, wound-healing, and skin-soothing properties.

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